Collaborative role of E2F transcriptional activity and G1 cyclindependent kinase activity in the induction of S phase.


Journal Article

A considerable body of evidence points to a role for both cyclin E/cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk)2 activity and E2F transcription activity in the induction of S phase. We show that overexpression of cyclin E/cdk2 in quiescent cells induces S phase, that this coincides with an induction of E2F activity, and that coexpression of E2F enhances the cyclin E/cdk2-mediated induction of S phase. Likewise, E2F overexpression can induce S phase and does so in the apparent absence of cyclin E/cdk2 activity. In addition, although the inhibition of cyclin E/cdk2 activity blocks the induction of S phase after growth stimulation of normal mouse embryo fibroblasts, inhibition of cyclin E/cdk2 does not block S phase induction in Rb-/- cells where E2F activity is deregulated. These results point to the important roles for E2F and cyclin E/cdk2 in the induction of S phase. Moreover, the nature of the E2F targets and the suspected targets for cyclin E/cdk2 suggests a potential molecular mechanism for the collaborative action of cyclin E/cdk2 and E2F in the induction of S phase.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Leone, G; DeGregori, J; Jakoi, L; Cook, JG; Nevins, JR

Published Date

  • June 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 96 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 6626 - 6631

PubMed ID

  • 10359762

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10359762

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1091-6490

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.96.12.6626


  • eng