Identification of positively and negatively acting elements regulating expression of the E2F2 gene in response to cell growth signals.
Mammalian cell growth is governed by regulatory activities that include the products of genes such as c-myc and ras that act early in G1, as well as the E2F family of transcription factors that accumulate later in G1 to regulate the expression of genes involved in DNA replication. Previous work has shown that the expression of the E2F1, E2F2, and E2F3 gene products is tightly regulated by cell growth. To further explore the mechanisms controlling accumulation of E2F activity, we have isolated genomic sequences flanking the 5' region of the E2F2 coding sequence. Various assays demonstrate promoter activity in this sequence that reproduces the normal control of E2F2 expression during a growth stimulation. Sequence comparison reveals the presence of a variety of known transcription factor binding sites, including E-box elements that are consensus Myc binding sites, as well as E2F binding sites. We demonstrate that the E-box elements, which we show can function as Myc-responsive sites, contribute in a positive fashion to promoter function. We also find that E2F-dependent negative regulation in quiescent cells plays a significant role in the cell growth-dependent control of the promoter, similar to the regulation of the E2F1 gene promoter.
Sears, R; Ohtani, K; Nevins, JR
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