Incidence, distribution, and prognostic impact of occluded culprit arteries among patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes undergoing diagnostic angiography.
BACKGROUND: Because acute occlusion of coronary arteries supplying the inferolateral myocardium frequently eludes standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) diagnosis, these patients may present as non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). METHODS: We examined culprit artery occlusion among 1,957 NSTE-ACS patients in the Platelet IIb/IIIa Antagonism for the Reduction of Acute Coronary Syndrome Events in a Global Organization Network trial who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography. We compared baseline characteristics, electrocardiographic findings, in-hospital treatment, and long-term outcomes between patients with and without occluded culprit arteries. RESULTS: The culprit artery was occluded in 528 (27%) patients. Culprit lesions were more frequently identified in the inferolateral territory among patients with an occluded culprit artery (63%) compared with those with a nonoccluded artery (45%, P < .0001). Patients with an occluded culprit artery were younger, more often male, and more likely to have had a prior myocardial infarction. Despite similar in-hospital treatment, patients with an occluded culprit artery had larger infarcts (median peak creatine kinase-MB 4.3 vs 2.1 x upper limit of normal, P < .0001) and higher risk-adjusted 6-month mortality (hazard ratio 1.72, 95% CI 1.07-2.79). CONCLUSIONS: More than 25% of NSTE-ACS patients had an occluded culprit artery on angiography. These patients may represent ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction equivalents; thus, improved early risk stratification techniques would help more rapidly triage these high-risk patients to an early invasive management strategy.
Wang, TY; Zhang, M; Fu, Y; Armstrong, PW; Newby, LK; Gibson, CM; Moliterno, DJ; Van de Werf, F; White, HD; Harrington, RA; Roe, MT
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