Extended in vivo pharmacodynamic activity of E5564 in normal volunteers with experimental endotoxemia [corrected].
E5564 (alpha-D-glucopyranose) is a synthetic antagonist of bacterial endotoxin that has been shown to completely block human endotoxin response. Low doses of E5564 (0.35-3.5 mg) have a long pharmacokinetic half-life, but a surprisingly short ex vivo and in vivo pharmacodynamic half-life (generally less than several hours). To determine whether extended antagonistic activity can be achieved in vivo, this study assesses the pharmacodynamic activity of 4- and 72-h infusions of E5564 into normal volunteers. Administration of 3.5 mg of E5564/h x 72 h completely blocked effects of endotoxin challenge at the end of dosing (72 h), and at 48 and 72 h postdosing. Similarly, a 4-h infusion of E5564, 3 mg/h completely blocked endotoxin administered 8 h postdosing. A lower dose of E5564, 0.5 mg/h x 4 h, ameliorated but did not block most effects of endotoxin 8 h postdosing (p <0.05). Finally, the effect of varying plasma lipoprotein content on E5564 activity was studied in subjects having high or low cholesterol levels (>180 or <140 mg/dl) after 72-h infusion of 252 mg of E5564. No differences were observed. These results demonstrate that E5564 blocks the effects of endotoxin in a human model of clinical sepsis and indicate its potential in the treatment and/or prevention of clinical sepsis.
Lynn, M; Wong, YN; Wheeler, JL; Kao, RJ; Perdomo, CA; Noveck, R; Vargas, R; D'Angelo, T; Gotzkowsky, S; McMahon, FG; Wasan, KM; Rossignol, DP
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)