A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of early eptifibatide for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes.


Journal Article

The acute benefits of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS) remain unclear.In this pilot trial, 311 patients with NSTE ACS were randomly assigned in the emergency department to double-blinded therapy with eptifibatide or placebo for 12 to 24 hours before crossover to open-label eptifibatide. Serial creatine-kinase MB (CK-MB) and quantitative cardiac troponin T levels were collected during the first 24 hours to assess the impact of early platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade on infarct size as measured by cardiac markers.Median peak CK-MB (10.3 vs 11.8 ng/mL; P =.71) and peak quantitative cardiac troponin T levels (0.2 vs 0.3 ng/mL; P =.95) were similar between treatment groups, respectively. Median calculated peak CK-MB values (41 vs 40 ng/mL; P =.72) and area under the CK-MB curve measurements (980 vs 764 microg/min/L; P =.68) from curve-fitting analyses that could be performed in 106 of 311 patients were also similar.In this pilot trial, early administration of eptifibatide in the emergency department did not modulate serologic measurements of infarct size in patients with NSTE ACS.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Roe, MT; Christenson, RH; Ohman, EM; Bahr, R; Fesmire, FM; Storrow, A; Mollod, M; Peacock, WF; Rosenblatt, JA; Yang, H; Fraulo, ES; Hoekstra, JW; Gibler, WB; EARLY Investigators, ; Emergency Medicine Cardiac Research and Education Group,

Published Date

  • December 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 146 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 993 - 998

PubMed ID

  • 14660990

Pubmed Central ID

  • 14660990

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-6744

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-8703

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0002-8703(03)00517-9


  • eng