Pentostatin (2'-deoxycoformycin) in the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

Journal Article

Background

The treatment of patients with advanced or therapy-refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) remains a challenge. Pentostatin is a potent inhibitor of adenosine deaminase and is selectively toxic to lymphocytes. In a small number of patients with CTCL, it previously has been shown to be effective.

Objective

Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pentostatin in the treatment of patients with advanced and/or therapy-refractory CTCL.

Methods

Eighteen patients with stage I to IVb CTCL were treated with 4 to 5 mg/m2 of intravenous pentostatin every 1 to 4 weeks.

Results

Two patients (11%) had complete responses of 4 months and 6 years, respectively. These patients had stage III and IVa CTCL and had previously received many different external or systemic treatments. Partial remission (50% to 99% clearing) lasting for 1.5 to 6 months occurred in five patients (28%) with stage IIa (n = 3), stage IIb, and stage IVa CTCL. These patients had received a median of three prior external or systemic treatments. No major side effects were observed, and bone marrow suppression was mild.

Conclusion

Single-agent pentostatin in intravenous doses of 4 to 5 mg/m2 is an effective systemic treatment of CTCL (39% objective response rate) with little toxicity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Greiner, D; Olsen, EA; Petroni, G

Published Date

  • June 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 36 / 6 Pt 1

Start / End Page

  • 950 - 955

PubMed ID

  • 9204061

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9204061

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-6787

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0190-9622

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0190-9622(97)80279-4

Language

  • eng