MMP-1 is a prognostic marker for hematogenous metastasis of colorectal cancer.
BACKGROUND: Degradation of basement membrane and extracellular matrix by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is believed to be an essential step in the complicated process of hematogenous metastasis. MMP-1 is a member of collagenases, a family of MMPs that degrades collagens type I, II, and III, main components of the interstitial stroma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of MMP-1 in colorectal cancer and its correlation with hematogenous metastasis. Patients and Methods. We examined 133 cases of colorectal cancer (Dukes A: 72; Dukes B: 26; Dukes C: 23; Dukes D: 12). Sections were cut from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples containing the deepest site of cancer invasion and stained immunohistochemically with a monoclonal antibody to MMP-1. According to the area of the tumor that was stained, patients were divided into high- and low-MMP-1 expression groups. RESULTS: MMP-1 expression was observed in the cytoplasm of cancer cells, some stromal cells, and a few normal epithelial cells of colonic mucosa. High MMP-1 expression was found in 47 (35.3%) cases and low in 86 (64.7%). Hematogenous metastasis was identified in 14 (29.8%) of high-MMP-1 groups and 12 (13.9%) of low-MMP-1 groups. MMP-1 expression significantly correlated with hematogenous metastasis of colorectal cancer, but no correlation was found between MMP-1 expression and the other clinicopathological features investigated. CONCLUSIONS: MMP-1 expression may be a novel marker for hematogenous metastasis of colorectal cancer, and its inhibition may be a strategy for prevention of metastasis.
Sunami, E; Tsuno, N; Osada, T; Saito, S; Kitayama, J; Tomozawa, S; Tsuruo, T; Shibata, Y; Muto, T; Nagawa, H
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