Plasma proteins as indices of response to nutritional therapy in cancer patients.

Published

Journal Article

The use of plasma albumin (ALB), transferrin (TFN), prealbumin (TBPA), retinol-binding protein (RBP), triceps skin fold (TSF), and midarm muscle circumference (MAMC) as determinants of response to nutritional therapy (TPN) was investigated in 40 cancer patients during preoperative TPN. Thirty-one patients received 90% or more of their anabolic caloric requirement (Harris-Benedict equation) by means of TPN. During this study period (average 11.1 +/- 4.7 days) nutritional assessments were completed before TPN and on the last day of TPN before surgery. Average weight loss based on usual body wt (UBW) and ideal body wt (IBW) was 19 +/- 11% and 9 +/- 15%, respectively (not significant, NS). Weight loss (UBW) correlated with ALB (P less than 0.001), TBPA (P less than 0.005) and RBP (P less than 0.02) but did not correlate with TFN (P less than 0.06), TSF, and MAMC. Weight loss (IBW) correlated with TSF (P less than 0.01) and MAMC (P less than 0.03) but did not correlate with plasma protein (PP). During TPN the average percent increases for PP were 0.1% (ALB, NS), 20% (TFN, NS), 60% (TBPA, P less than 0.02), and 116% (RBP, P less than 0.005). These results suggest that plasma TBPA and RBP are significant parameters of response to short-term nutritional therapy in cancer patients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ota, DM; Frasier, P; Guevara, J; Foulkes, M

Published Date

  • July 1, 1985

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 29 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 160 - 165

PubMed ID

  • 3935870

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3935870

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-4790

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jso.2930290306

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States