Impact of intensive lipid modulation on angiographically defined coronary disease: clinical implications.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

We reviewed all randomized, controlled angiographic trials to assess the impact of intensive lipid modulation on the progression or regression of angiographically defined coronary disease. Five of seven trials satisfied selection criteria: Cholesterol-Lowering Atherosclerosis Study, Program on the Surgical Control of the Hyperlipidemias, Familial Atherosclerosis Treatment Study, Regression of Coronary Atherosclerosis During Treatment of Familial Hypercholesterolemia, and St. Thomas' Atherosclerosis Regression Study. We compared patient selection, baseline and on-trial lipid values, changes in angiographic disease scores, and clinical outcomes. In all five trials, treatment reduced levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol substantially (range -32% to -46%). Treatment reduced risk of angiographic progression by almost 50% compared to controls. Furthermore, nearly one third of drug-treated patients showed angiographic regression of disease. Regression correlated well with reduction in LDL cholesterol. Although overall improvement in stenosis was modest, reduction in clinical events was impressive. Intensive lipid modulation may "stabilize" existing lesions, making them less "active" (ie, less prone to rupture or thrombosis), thereby reducing risk of acute coronary syndromes. These studies clearly support intensive lipid modulation in patients with established coronary disease.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Paterson, RW; Paat, JJ; Steele, GH; Hathaway, SC; Wong, JG

Published Date

  • February 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 87 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 236 - 242

PubMed ID

  • 8115891

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8115891

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0038-4348

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00007611-199402000-00018

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States