Empirically derived Symptom Checklist 90 subgroups of chronic pain patients: a cluster analysis.
Four hundred fifty-three chronic pain patients completed a Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and a comprehensive pain evaluation questionnaire. All patients were evaluated by a physician and rated on degree of pain pathology and pain behavior. The SCL-90 data were analyzed using two clustering procedures and replicated over two similar samples. Three distinct profiles emerged and represented high, medium, and low scores on the SCL-90. No differences were found between subgroups on demographic characteristics, compensation status, pain duration, or pain ratings. Patients in the high-profile subgroup showed the most emotional distress, reported that their pain interfered the most with all activities, and were most often judged to have high pain behavior. Little evidence was found to support a "denial" profile, as previously predicted. Further support was found for using the SCL-90 in assessing chronic pain patients.
Jamison, RN; Rock, DL; Parris, WC
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