Oxidative/nitrosative stress and antidepressants: targets for novel antidepressants.


Journal Article (Review)

The brain is an organ predisposed to oxidative/nitrosative stress. This is especially true in the case of aging as well as several neurodegenerative diseases. Under such circumstances, a decline in the normal antioxidant defense mechanisms leads to an increase in the vulnerability of the brain to the deleterious effects of oxidative damage. Highly reactive oxygen/nitrogen species damage lipids, proteins, and mitochondrial and neuronal genes. Unless antioxidant defenses react appropriately to damage inflicted by radicals, neurons may experience microalteration, microdysfunction, and degeneration. We reviewed how oxidative and nitrosative stresses contribute to the pathogenesis of depressive disorders and reviewed the clinical implications of various antioxidants as future targets for antidepressant treatment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lee, S-Y; Lee, S-J; Han, C; Patkar, AA; Masand, PS; Pae, C-U

Published Date

  • October 1, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 46 /

Start / End Page

  • 224 - 235

PubMed ID

  • 23022673

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23022673

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-4216

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2012.09.008


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England