Association of the trace amine associated receptor 6 (TAAR6) gene with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in a Korean case control sample.
Trace amines and their receptors may be implicated in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders. Previous studies have reported association of the trace amine associated receptor 6 (TAAR6) gene with susceptibility to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder but results have not been consistent. The purpose of this study was to examine these associations in Korean patients and also to test for association of TAAR6 with susceptibility to major depressive disorder (MDD). A case control sample consisting of 281 patients with schizophrenia, 190 patients with bipolar disorder, 187 patients with MDD and 288 psychiatrically healthy control subjects, was examined. Patients with schizoaffective disorder were not included in any of the psychiatric samples. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs: rs4305745; rs8192625; rs7452939; rs6903874 and rs6937506) were genotyped in the TAAR6 gene and in the 3' regulatory region, using pyrosequencing. SNP rs6903874 was significantly associated with schizophrenia (p = 0.012) and bipolar disorder (p = 0.004). A three SNP haplotype consisting of alleles GCT from SNPs rs7452939, rs6903874 and rs6937506, respectively, was significantly over-represented in patients with schizophrenia (p = 0.0003) and bipolar disorder (p = 0.00002). A second three SNP haplotype (GTT) derived from the same SNPs was significantly under-represented in patients with bipolar disorder (p = 0.001). The GTT haplotype associations withstand the most rigorous corrections for multiple testing. These findings strongly support association of the TAAR6 gene with susceptibility to both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Korean patients. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings in this and other populations and to identify functional variants in TAAR6 that may be implicated in pathogenesis.
Pae, C-U; Yu, H-S; Amann, D; Kim, J-J; Lee, C-U; Lee, S-J; Jun, T-Y; Lee, C; Paik, I-H; Patkar, AA; Lerer, B
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)