A metalloporphyrin antioxidant alters cytokine responses after irradiation in a prostate tumor model.
The goal of this study was to evaluate cytokine secretion capacity in a mouse model of prostate cancer, both with and without metalloporphyrin antioxidant and radiation treatment. C57BL/6 mice with subcutaneous RM-9 tumors were treated daily for 12 days with MnTE-2-PyP(5+) [Mn (III) tetrakis (N-ethylpyridinium-2-yl) porphyrin], beginning 1 day after injection of RM-9 cells; a 10-Gy tumor-localized dose of (60)Co gamma rays was administered in a single fraction on day 7. Spleen, tumors and plasma were collected on day 12. T cells in the spleen were activated with anti-CD3 antibody and supernatants were collected. Twenty-two cytokines were quantified in spleen supernatants, five in tumor homogenates, and three in plasma using multiplex bead array technology and ELISA. The presence of a tumor had significant effects on many of the cytokines quantified (P < 0.05). Tumor-induced depression was evident for eight spleen cytokines (TNF-alpha, G-CSF, GM-CSF, IFN-gamma, IL10, IP-10, MIP-1alpha and mKC), whereas only three were enhanced (IL1beta, IL6 and MCP-1). Radiotherapy resulted in enhanced splenocyte capacity to produce IL4 and IL13 and increased IL4, MCP-1 and VEGF in tumors (P < 0.05). Addition of MnTE-2-PyP(5+) to radiation decreased the concentrations of IL4, IL13 and TGF-beta1 in spleen supernatants and IL4 and VEGF in tumors (P < 0.05 compared to radiation alone). Some differences were also noted in plasma cytokines. Overall, the findings suggest that administration of MnTE-2-PyP(5+) together with radiotherapy may enhance anti-tumor immune responsiveness and decrease the risk for radiation-induced normal tissue toxicities.
Makinde, AY; Rizvi, A; Crapo, JD; Pearlstein, RD; Slater, JM; Gridley, DS
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