The significance of microbial cultures of the hematopoietic support for patients receiving high-dose chemotherapy.
The use of hematopoietic support for patients receiving high-dose chemotherapy has increased over the past 10 years. Various quality controls are performed on the hematopoietic cells, including microbiologic cultures. There is considerable expense associated with the serial cultures performed at different times during the collection, processing, and use of the cells. We reviewed all the microbiologic cultures performed on bone marrow harvests and leukaphereses over a 17 month period. Of the 227 bone marrow harvests, 16 cultures were positive, but only 3 (1.3%) were repeat positives with the same organism after processing or at the time of reinfusion. Of the 560 leukaphereses, 4 (0.7%) were cultured positive at the time of collection and reinfusion. Two patients were bacteremic with gram-negative bacilli at the time of leukaphereses despite being asymptomatic, and these were the only two products that had to be collected again. No patient suffered an adverse clinical result after receiving culture-positive cells. Bone marrow and peripheral blood progenitor cells can be safely collected, and a culture after processing is adequate to ensure the safety of the product.
Cohen, A; Tepperberg, M; Waters-Pick, B; Coniglio, D; Perfect, J; Peters, WP; Gilbert, C; Morgan, C; Vredenburgh, JJ
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