Suspiciousness, health, and mortality: a follow-up study of 500 older adults.
Scores on Factor L of the 16 PF, a measure of suspiciousness that is closely related to the Cook and Medley hostility scale, predicted survival in a sample of 500 older men and women during a follow-up of approximately 15 years. Those individuals with scores indicating higher levels of suspiciousness had greater mortality risk. This association remained significant after controlling for age, sex, physician's ratings of functional health, smoking, cholesterol, and alcohol intake. In addition, Factor L was associated with physician's ratings of health at the initiation of follow-up. These findings add to the weight of evidence that implicates a set of negative interpersonal attitudes in the domain of hostility, anger, cynicism, and mistrust as a prospective marker of individuals at risk for adverse health outcomes.
Barefoot, JC; Siegler, IC; Nowlin, JB; Peterson, BL; Haney, TL; Williams, RB
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