Effect of mutations in genes affecting homologous recombination on restriction enzyme-mediated and illegitimate recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Restriction enzyme-mediated events (REM events; integration of transforming DNA catalyzed by in vivo action of a restriction enzyme) and illegitimate recombination events (IR events; integration of transforming DNA that shares no homology with the host genomic sequences) have been previously characterized in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This study determines the effect of mutations in genes that are involved in homologous recombination and/or in the repair of double-stranded DNA breaks on these recombination events. Surprisingly, REM events are completely independent of the double-strand-break repair functions encoded by the RAD51, RAD52, and RAD57 genes but require the RAD50 gene product. IR events are under different genetic control than homologous integration events. In the rad50 mutant, homologous integration occurred at wild-type frequency, whereas the frequency of IR events was 20- to 100-fold reduced. Conversely, the rad52 mutant was grossly deficient in homologous integration (at least 1,000-fold reduced) but showed only a 2- to 8-fold reduction in IR frequency.
Schiestl, RH; Zhu, J; Petes, TD
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