Extracellular superoxide dismutase regulates cardiac function and fibrosis.
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is an antioxidant that protects the heart from ischemia and the lung from inflammation and fibrosis. The role of cardiac EC-SOD under normal conditions and injury remains unclear. Cardiac toxicity, a common side effect of doxorubicin, involves oxidative stress. We hypothesize that EC-SOD is critical for normal cardiac function and protects the heart from oxidant-induced fibrosis and loss of function. C57BL/6 and EC-SOD-null mice were treated with doxorubicin, 15 mg/kg (i.p.). After 15 days, echocardiography was used to assess cardiac function. Left ventricle (LV) tissue was used to assess fibrosis and inflammation by staining, Western blot, and hydroxyproline analysis. At baseline, EC-SOD-null mice have LV wall thinning and increases in LV end diastolic dimensions compared to wild-type mice but have normal cardiac function. After doxorubicin, EC-SOD-null mice have decreases in fractional shortening not apparent in WT mice. Lack of EC-SOD also leads to increases in myocardial apoptosis and significantly more LV fibrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration. Administration of the metalloporphyrin AEOL 10150 abrogates the loss of cardiac function, and potentially fibrosis, associated with doxorubicin treatment in both wild-type and EC-SOD KO mice. EC-SOD is critical for normal cardiac morphology and protects the heart from oxidant-induced fibrosis, apoptosis, and loss of function. The antioxidant metalloporphyrin AEOL 10150 effectively protects cardiac function from doxorubicin-induced oxidative stress in vivo. These findings identify targets for the use of antioxidant agents in oxidant-induced cardiac fibrosis.
Kliment, CR; Suliman, HB; Tobolewski, JM; Reynolds, CM; Day, BJ; Zhu, X; McTiernan, CF; McGaffin, KR; Piantadosi, CA; Oury, TD
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