Oxidative metabolism in rat hepatocytes and mitochondria during sepsis.
We hypothesized that cellular oxygen consumption is abnormal during sepsis as a result of increased oxidative stress and selective mitochondrial damage. In a rat model of sepsis (cecal ligation and puncture), we studied the respiratory characteristics of isolated hepatocytes and liver mitochondria 16 h after onset of septic injury. Endogenous respiration by isolated cells was decreased during sepsis, while cyanide-resistant (nonmitochondrial) respiration was unaffected. Maximal oxygen consumption in ADP-supplemented, permeabilized hepatocytes was decreased with succinate as the substrate, but not with malate + glutamate or TMPD + ascorbate. In contrast, maximum oxygen consumption (State 3) by isolated liver mitochondria increased up to 35% during sepsis using either succinate or malate + glutamate as substrate. The electrophoretic features and mobility of nondenatured mitochondrial respiratory complexes were similar in control and septic hepatocytes, with the exception of decreased Complex V protein in sepsis. Structural evaluation of mitochondria in fixed liver slices by electron microscopy showed mitochondrial swelling in most of the septic animals. Measurements of oxidative stress during sepsis suggested an increase in hydroxylation of salicylate by isolated hepatocytes, and mitochondrial protein carbonyl content was increased significantly. Induction of iNOS in hepatocytes after 16 h of sepsis was variable, and little release of the oxidation products of NO. was detected. These findings are interpreted to mean that hepatocytes contain a mixed population of injured and hyperfunctional mitochondria during sepsis.
Kantrow, SP; Taylor, DE; Carraway, MS; Piantadosi, CA
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