Release of cytochrome c from liver mitochondria during permeability transition.

Published

Journal Article

The mitochondrial permeability transition (PT) follows opening of megachannels in the inner membrane and may be part of a programmed death pathway. Recently a role for cytochrome c in programmed cell death has been proposed, although its relationship to PT has not been been determined. We studied the release of cytochrome c from liver mitochondria undergoing PT. Well-coupled mitochondria treated with 5 mM atractyloside (ATR) or 100 microM calcium chloride were found to undergo PT and release cytochrome c into the incubation buffer within 5 minutes. Control mitochondria and mitochondria treated with the uncoupler FCCP did not undergo PT or release cytochrome c at 5 or 15 minutes. PT induced by ATR could be prevented by pretreatment with 10 microM cyclosporin A. Mitochondria incubated with ATR or calcium caused a 20-30% decrease in electron transfer rate via cytochrome c and cytochrome c oxidase. We conclude that cytochrome c release is an early event during mitochondrial PT, and is sufficient to decrease electron transfer through the terminal electron transport components of the mitochondrion.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kantrow, SP; Piantadosi, CA

Published Date

  • March 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 232 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 669 - 671

PubMed ID

  • 9126333

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9126333

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1090-2104

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-291X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1006/bbrc.1997.6353

Language

  • eng