In vivo binding of carbon monoxide to cytochrome c oxidase in rat brain.
The possibility of binding of CO to cytochrome c oxidase (cytochrome a,a3) in brain cortex has been examined in vivo by reflectance spectrophotometry. During ventilation with CO-containing gases, cytochrome a,a3 absorption at 605 nm increased in the parietal cortex of anesthetized rats during carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO) formation. HbCO levels, measured by changes in absorption at 569-586 nm in vivo, correlated positively with arterial HbCO by CO oximetry. Arterial blood pressure and calculated O2 content varied inversely with HbCO. During CO exposure, decreases in blood pressure, O2 content, and cytochrome a,a3 oxidation level could be reversed partly at constant HbCO by compression to 3 atmospheres absolute (ATA). After removing CO from inspired gas at 3 ATA, optical and physiological parameters recovered completely to control values except for minor persistent elevations of HbCO. Difference spectra from parallel experiments at constant HbCO revealed absorption minima at 588-592 nm and 600-605 nm as a result of hyperbaric exposure. Spectral analysis of these components was consistent with partial dissociation of a cytochrome a3-CO complex and cytochrome a reoxidation with increasing dissolved O2 in hyperbaric conditions.
Brown, SD; Piantadosi, CA
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