Prognostic significance of postprocedural sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (from the HORIZONS-AMI Trial).
The prognostic significance of postprocedure sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has rarely been studied, although a previous study has suggested that its occurrence portends decreased survival. We examined outcomes from the prospective large-scale multicenter randomized HORIZONS-AMI trial to evaluate the incidence, clinical correlates, and outcomes of in-hospital sustained VT/VF after PPCI. Of 3,485 patients undergoing PPCI in whom VT/VF did not occur before or during the procedure, 181 patients (5.2%) developed VT/VF after PPCI. Most postprocedural VT/VF episodes (85%) occurred in the first 48 hours. Patients with postprocedural VT/VF were more likely men with Killip class > I on presentation but had a lower prevalence of hypertension and diabetes. Patients with postprocedural VT/VF were also less frequently taking β blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers at admission. Mean door-to-balloon time was shorter and Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction grade 0 flow before PPCI was more common in patients with VT/VF, although Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction grade 3 flow rates after PPCI did not vary. There were no significant differences in adjusted 3-year rates of mortality (hazard ratio 0.73, 95% confidence interval 0.30 to 1.79) or composite major adverse clinical events (death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, or stroke; hazard ratio 0.71, 95% confidence interval 0.44 to 1.15) in patients with versus without postprocedural sustained VT/VF. In conclusion, sustained VT/VF after PPCI in the HORIZONS-AMI trial was not significantly associated with 3-year mortality or major adverse clinical events. Further studies are required to address the prognostic significance of VT/VF in patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI.
Mehta, RH; Yu, J; Piccini, JP; Tcheng, JE; Farkouh, ME; Reiffel, J; Fahy, M; Mehran, R; Stone, GW
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