Changes in aortic levels of tropoelastin mRNA following treatment of rats with the antihypertensive drugs captopril and hydralazine

Journal Article

This manuscript describes changes in the steady state levels of aortic tropoelastin mRNA in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive controls (WKY) following treatment with two antihypertensive drugs. Three-week-old WKY and SHR rats were treated with hydralazine (15 mg/kg/day) or captopril (25 mg/kg/day). Tail artery blood pressure was monitored twice weekly. Both drugs prevented the development of hypertension in the SHR rat. At 6 weeks of age, total aortic RNA was extracted and the steady state levels of mRNAs coding for tropoelastin and pro α 1 (III) collagen were determined by slot blot hybridization analysis using radiolabeled tropoelastin and pro α 1 (III) collagen cDNA clones. Hydralazine treatment resulted in a threefold increase in tropoelastin mRNA levels in both the SHR and the WKY animals (P < 0.01). Captopril-treated SHR animals demonstrated a similar significant increase. In contrast, no differences in pro α 1 (III) collagen mRNA levels were observed in the aorta of SHR or WKY rats following treatment with either captopril or hydralazine. These data suggest that antihypertensive agents can act specifically to directly induce tropoelastin mRNA levels in large arteries and thus may induce vascular remodeling independent of an increase in blood pressure. © 1991.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Alden, SM; Pierce, RA; Tozzi, CA; Mackenzie, JW; Deak, SB; Boyd, CD

Published Date

  • 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 51 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 491 - 494

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-4804

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0022-4804(91)90170-Q