Uncertainty management intervention for older African American and caucasian long-term breast cancer survivors.
The survivor uncertainty management intervention study is a randomized controlled study designed to test the efficacy of an intervention that combines training in audiotaped cognitive behavioral strategies to manage uncertainty about cancer recurrence with a self-help manual designed to help women understand and manage long-term treatment side effects and other symptoms. Specifically, women were taught to recognize their own personal triggers of uncertainty (places, events or surroundings, that bring back memories, feelings, or concerns about breast cancer), and then use coping skills such as relaxation, distraction, and calming self-talk to deal with uncertainty. Also, women were taught to use the manual as a resource for dealing with fatigue, lymphedema, pain and other symptoms. Treatment outcome data (Mishel et al., in press) indicated that the uncertainty management intervention resulted in improvements in cognitive reframing, cancer knowledge, social support, knowledge of symptoms and side effects, and coping skills when compared to a control condition. The purpose of the present paper was to report on the use and helpfulness of the intervention components by the 244 women who were in the intervention. Findings indicated that women regularly used the intervention components to deal with triggers of breast cancer recurrence and long-term treatment side effects and most women found the strategies very helpful.
Gil, KM; Mishel, MH; Germino, B; Porter, LS; Carlton-LaNey, I; Belyea, M
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