Sequence-Specific Double-Strand Alkylation and Cleavage of DNA Mediated by Triple-Helix Formation


Journal Article

Attachment of the nondiffusible electrophile N-bromoacetyl to the 5-position of a thymine at the 5′-end of a pyrimidine oligodeoxyribonucleotide affords sequence specific alkylation of a guanine two base pairs to the 5′-side of a local triple-helix complex in >96% yield. N-Bromoacetyloligodeoxyribonucleotides bind adjacent inverted purine tracts on double-helical DNA by triple-helix formation and alkylate single guanine positions on opposite strands at 37 °C (pH 7.4). After depurination, double-strand cleavage at a single site within plasmid DNA (4 kp in size) occurs in greater than 85% yield. The resulting DNA fragments from site-specific alkylation and cleavage can be ligated with DNA fragments generated by restriction endonuclease digestion. This nonenzymatic approach which couples sequence-specific recognition with sequence-dependent cleavage affords double-strand site-specific cleavage in megabase size DNA. A yeast chromosome, 340000 base pairs in size, was cleaved at a single site in 85-90% yield. © 1992, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Povsic, TJ; Strobel, SA; Dervan, PB

Published Date

  • July 1, 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 114 / 15

Start / End Page

  • 5934 - 5941

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-5126

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-7863

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/ja00041a005

Citation Source

  • Scopus