Translocations and amplifications of chromosome 12 in liposarcoma demonstrated by the LSI CHOP breakapart rearrangement probe.
CONTEXT: Liposarcomas display a number of molecular abnormalities involving chromosome 12. Myxoid and round cell liposarcomas are characterized by t(12;16)(q13; p11) or t(12;22)(q13;q12) translocations. Amplifications occur within the 12q13-15 region of atypical lipomatous tumors and well-differentiated liposarcomas but not lipomas. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the performance characteristics of the LSI CHOP Breakapart Rearrangement Probe for the diagnosis of myxoid/round cell liposarcomas and atypical lipomas/well-differentiated liposarcomas. DESIGN: We investigated a series of lipomatous neoplasms (5 lipomas, 5 well-differentiated liposarcomas, 22 myxoid/round cell liposarcomas, 2 liposarcomas not otherwise specified, and 2 dedifferentiated liposarcomas) and normal myometrium for abnormalities in the q13-15 region of chromosome 12. Cases were studied for the presence or absence of t(12;16)(q13;p11) or t(12;22)(q13;q12) translocations by the LSI CHOP Breakapart Rearrangement Probe. These probes contain a sequence encompassing the SAS and CDK4 genes. Four or more copies of this sequence were considered to represent amplification of these genes. RESULTS: Rearrangement of the CHOP gene was seen in all evaluable myxoid liposarcomas. Rearrangements were seen in 1 dedifferentiated liposarcoma but not in normal myometrium or lipomas. Probe signal amplification was seen in all 5 well-differentiated liposarcomas and 1 myxoid liposarcoma. No signal amplification was seen in lipomas or myometrium. CONCLUSIONS: Demonstration of translocations t(12; 16)(q13;p11) and t(12;22)(q13;q12) by the LSI CHOP Breakapart Rearrangement Probe appears to correlate with round cell/myxoid liposarcoma. The probe also demonstrated amplification of the 12q13-15 region in well-differentiated liposarcomas, making it useful for the diagnosis of these neoplasms. In a significant percentage of cases, high background fluorescence or poor probe staining made interpretation difficult.
Willmore-Payne, C; Holden, J; Turner, KC; Proia, A; Layfield, LJ
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