The statistical structure of natural light patterns determines perceived light intensity.

Journal Article

The same target luminance in different contexts can elicit markedly different perceptions of brightness, a fact that has long puzzled vision scientists. Here we test the proposal that the visual system encodes not luminance as such but rather the statistical relationship of a particular luminance to all possible luminance values experienced in natural contexts during evolution. This statistical conception of vision was validated by using a database of natural scenes in which we could determine the probability distribution functions of co-occurring target and contextual luminance values. The distribution functions obtained in this way predict target brightness in response to a variety of challenging stimuli, thus explaining these otherwise puzzling percepts. That brightness is determined by the statistics of natural light patterns implies that the relevant neural circuitry is specifically organized to generate these probabilistic responses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yang, Z; Purves, D

Published Date

  • June 8, 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 101 / 23

Start / End Page

  • 8745 - 8750

PubMed ID

  • 15152077

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.0402192101

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States