Counterclockwise exit of cardiac pacemaker leads: Sign of pulse-generator flip


Journal Article

Clockwise exit of pacing leads from transvenous cardiac pacemakers is generally essential for proper function. The authors report a case in which counterclockwise exit of the pacing leads signified a 180° flip of the pulse generator. Three types of pacing system malfunction can result from pacemaker flip.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Karis, JP; Ravin, CE

Published Date

  • January 1, 1990

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 174 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 711 - 712

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-8419

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1148/radiology.174.3.2305054

Citation Source

  • Scopus