An assessment of cochlear hair-cell loss in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus diabetic and noise-exposed rats.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate if insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus causes degenerative changes in the inner ear and whether these changes are exacerbated by noise exposure. METHODS: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was induced in male rats using streptozotocin (65 mg/kg of body weight, intravenously). Half the animals were exposed to 95 dB of random noise for 12 hours per day over a period of 6 months. The cochleae were removed, fixed, decalcified, dissected, and the hair cells counted. RESULTS: A significant loss of outer hair cells was exhibited in both noise-exposed groups; however, although there was no significant difference between these two groups, the noise-exposed diabetic animals had significant loss in more turns than did the noise-exposed control animals. The diabetic animals were not statistically different from the control animals. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus may increase the hair-cell loss caused by noise overstimulation.
Raynor, EM; Carrasco, VN; Prazma, J; Pillsbury, HC
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