Weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
OBJECTIVE: To perform a phase II trial evaluating dose dense induction chemotherapy for locally advanced head and neck cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients received 6 weekly doses of carboplatin (area under the curve=2) and paclitaxel (135 mg/m) followed by concurrent weekly paclitaxel (40 mg/m) and carboplatin (area under the curve=1) and daily radiation (66-72 Gy). RESULTS: There was 1 induction death from neutropenic sepsis and 1 sudden death during chemoradiotherapy. The overall response rate with induction was 79%. With >40 months of follow-up, the 36-month overall survival was 67% and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck survival 84%. Patients undergoing biopsy of the primary tumor site after the therapies had 17/18 (94%) pathologic complete response rate. The locoregional relapse rate was 40% (24 mo 28%) and distant relapse rate was 8% with only 1 distant site. CONCLUSIONS: Therapy was active but patients must be carefully selected and monitored. Compared with the historical controls, dose dense and intense induction chemotherapy decreased distant failure rate without compromising the locoregional control.
Ready, NE; Rathore, R; Johnson, TT; Nadeem, A; Chougule, P; Ruhl, C; Radie-Keane, K; Theall, K; Wanebo, HJ; Marcello, J; Kennedy, T
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)