SOLVING VERY LARGE, SPARSE LINEAR SYSTEMS ON MESH-CONNECTED PARALLEL COMPUTERS.
The implementation of Pan and Reif's Parallel Nested Dissection algorithm on mesh-connected parallel computers is described. This is the first known algorithm that allows very large, sparse linear systems of equations to be solved efficiently in polylog time using a small number of processors. We describe how the processor bound of PND can be matched to the number of processors available on a given parallel computer by slowing down the algorithm by constant factors. Also, for the important class of problems where G(A) is a grid graph, we detail a unique memory mapping that reduces the inter-processor communication requirements of PND to those that can be executed on mesh-connected parallel machines. The paper concludes with a description of an implementation on the Goodyear Aerospace Massively Parallel Processor (MPP), located at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, for which we give a detailed discussion of data mappings and performance issues.
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