Forest certification of state and university lands in North Carolina: A comparison
North Carolina State University, Duke University, and the North Carolina Division of Forest Resources (DFR) recently received both Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) certification for their forests. Meeting SFI standards required better environmental management systems, improved use of best management practices, and better recordkeeping but few subsequent forest management changes. FSC required about the same environmental system changes but more forest management changes to favor future natural stand management and biodiversity protection. Costs included changes in forest management and recordkeeping to achieve forest certification, inspection expenses, prescribed changes in forest management, forgone timber revenues, and more stakeholder consultation. Benefits can include an improved professional reputation, better worker safety and training, better records and processes, more active public involvement, enhanced knowledge for outreach, better environmental management systems, more holistic management, and perhaps higher timber prices or greater market access.
Cubbage, F; Moore, S; Cox, J; Jervis, L; Edeburn, J; Richter, D; Boyette, W; Thompson, M; Chestnutt, M
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