Simulating trends in soil organic carbon in long-term experiments using the CANDY model
CANDY (CArbon and Nitrogen DYnamics) is a simulation system based on long-term experiments of organic matter turnover and nitrogen dynamics at Bad Lauchstadt, Germany. Key driving variables are soil physical properties, meteorological data and management information. The main application of the CANDY model is the calculation of short-term dynamics of nitrogen transformation and long-term dynamics of organic matter turnover in arable soils. This paper concentrates on the evaluation of the model in simulating carbon dynamics in long-term experiments representing different land uses and very different geographical sites. The experimental data came from data sets that were made available to modellers at a workshop held at Rothamsted in 1995. In this paper we describe how the different data sets were modelled and provide a qualitative assessment of model performance. The performance of several models, including CANDY, are compared quantitatively in Smith et al. (1997). Our results show that the mathematical basis of the model, its consideration of a biological time base and its calculation of the 'reproducing carbon' are applicable over a wide range of sites and land-use scenarios. Most of the standard parameters can be used for other sites and land-use systems.
Franko, U; Crocker, GJ; Grace, PR; Klír, J; Körschens, M; Poulton, PR; Richter, DD
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