Sociotropy, autonomy, and personality disorder criteria in psychiatric patients.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Sociotropy and autonomy (Beck, 1983) are sets of beliefs, concerns, and behavioral tendencies that are proposed to create vulnerability to depression and other psychopathology and to influence its manifestation and treatment response. Other theoretical frameworks (Blatt, 1974) have made similar suggestions. We investigated the differential relations of sociotropy and autonomy to dimensional scores for each DSM-III-R personality disorder (PD) in a sample of 188 psychiatric patients, controlling for the other set of characteristics and for the other PDs. Histrionic and dependent PD traits were related specifically to sociotropy. Paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, and passive-aggressive PD traits were related specifically to autonomy. Borderline, narcissistic, avoidant, and self-defeating PD traits were related significantly and about equally to both sociotropy and autonomy. Obsessive-compulsive PD traits were not related consistently to either. Results were mostly as predicted and suggest that sociotropy and autonomy may be useful constructs for understanding and treating PDs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Morse, JQ; Robins, CJ; Gittes-Fox, M

Published Date

  • December 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 549 - 560

PubMed ID

  • 12616830

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0885-579X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1521/pedi.16.6.549.22140


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States