Sociotropy, autonomy, and patterns of symptoms in patients with major depression: A comparison of dimensional and categorical approaches

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The purposes of this study were: (a) to investigate the relations between the Personal Style Inventory (PSI) measures of sociotropy and autonomy and symptoms of psychopathology in depressed patients (n = 103), and (b) to compare the relative utility of categorical and dimensional approaches to differentiating depressed patients on the basis of sociotropy and autonomy. Sociotropy was related to interpersonal sensitivity, guilt and self-blame, and symptoms suggesting anxious depression or high negative affectivity. Autonomy was related to interpersonal distance and hostility, hopelessness/suicidality, feelings of failure, and anhedonia, suggesting low positive affectivity. These results provide support for the relevance of sociotropy and autonomy to depression and for the construct validity of the PSI. Cluster analysis did not identify clear categorical groups of participants, and differences between the most interpretable groups on symptoms could be predicted from the dimensional sociotropy and autonomy scores, suggesting no incremental utility of a categorical approach to these personality variables over a dimensional one. © 1997 Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Robins, CJ

Published Date

  • January 1, 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 285 - 300

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0147-5916

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1023/A:1021874415967

Citation Source

  • Scopus