Cognitive theories of depression viewed from a diathesis-stress perspective: Evaluations of the models of Beck and of Abramson, Seligman, and Teasdale

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Research on cognitive models of depression has frequently neglected either the relations between different levels of cognitive-personality variables, the interaction of person and event factors, or both. We evaluated the utility of multivariate, interactional representations of the models of Beck, and of Abramson, Seligman, and Teasdale, for predicting depressive symptoms in a sample of 83 undergraduates. Beck's model was able to account for an estimated 32% of population variance in depressive symptoms, and the reformulated helplessness model for 19% In both cases, these figures are higher than those found in studies that represented the models more simply. Although depressive symptoms were associated with both person and event variables, the hypothesized person-event interaction effects were not found. The strongest correlates of depressive symptoms were perceptions of upsetting real events. Some of these event perceptions were, in turn, associated with the frequency of negative events, suggesting a need for cognitive theories of depression to incorporate a greater emphasis on the objective role of life events. © 1989 Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Robins, CJ; Block, P

Published Date

  • August 1, 1989

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 297 - 313

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-2819

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0147-5916

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/BF01173475

Citation Source

  • Scopus