Cardiac hypertrophy and altered beta-adrenergic signaling in transgenic mice that express the amino terminus of beta-ARK1.
The G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) kinase beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) kinase-1 (beta-ARK1) is elevated during heart failure; however, its role is not fully understood. Beta-ARK1 contains several domains that are capable of protein-protein interactions that may play critical roles in the regulation of GPCR signaling. In this study, we developed a novel line of transgenic mice that express an amino-terminal peptide of beta-ARK1 that is comprised of amino acid residues 50-145 (beta-ARKnt) in the heart to determine whether this domain has any functional significance in vivo. Surprisingly, the beta-ARKnt transgenic mice presented with cardiac hypertrophy. Our data suggest that the phenotype was driven via an enhanced beta-AR system, as beta-ARKnt mice had elevated cardiac beta-AR density. Moreover, administration of a beta-AR antagonist reversed hypertrophy in these mice. Interestingly, signaling through the beta-AR in response to agonist stimulation was not enhanced in these mice. Thus the amino terminus of beta-ARK1 appears to be critical for normal beta-AR regulation in vivo, which further supports the hypothesis that beta-ARK1 plays a key role in normal and compromised cardiac GPCR signaling.
Keys, JR; Greene, EA; Cooper, CJ; Naga Prasad, SV; Rockman, HA; Koch, WJ
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