A contemporary view of diagnostic cardiac catheterization and percutaneous coronary intervention in the United States: a report from the CathPCI Registry of the National Cardiovascular Data Registry, 2010 through June 2011.
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to provide a report to the public of data from the CathPCI Registry of the National Cardiovascular Data Registry. BACKGROUND: The CathPCI Registry collects data from approximately 85% of the cardiac catheterization laboratories in the United States. METHODS: Data were summarized for 6 consecutive calendar quarters beginning January 1, 2010, and ending June 30, 2011. This report includes 1,110,150 patients undergoing only diagnostic cardiac catheterization and 941,248 undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). RESULTS: Some notable findings include, for example, that on-site cardiac surgery was not available in 83% of facilities performing fewer than 200 PCIs annually, with these facilities representing 32.6% of the facilities reporting, but performing only 12.4% of the PCIs in this data sample. Patients 65 years of age or older represented 38.7% of those undergoing PCI, with 12.3% being 80 years of age or older. Almost 80% of PCI patients were overweight (body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2)), 80% had dyslipidemia, and 27.6% were current or recent smokers. Among patients undergoing elective PCI, 52% underwent a stress study before the procedure, with stress myocardial perfusion being used most frequently. Calcium scores and coronary computed tomography angiography were used very infrequently (<3%) before diagnostic or PCI procedures. Radial artery access was used in 8.3% of diagnostic and 6.9% of PCI procedures. Primary PCI was performed with a median door-to-balloon time of 64.5 min for nontransfer patients and 121 min for transfer patients. In-hospital risk-adjusted mortality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients was 5.2% in this sample. CONCLUSIONS: Data from the CathPCI Registry provide a contemporary view of the current practice of invasive cardiology in the United States.
Dehmer, GJ; Weaver, D; Roe, MT; Milford-Beland, S; Fitzgerald, S; Hermann, A; Messenger, J; Moussa, I; Garratt, K; Rumsfeld, J; Brindis, RG
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