Neurocognitive function in destination therapy patients receiving continuous-flow vs pulsatile-flow left ventricular assist device support.
BACKGROUND: The HeartMate II (Thoratec Corp, Pleasanton, CA) continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (LVAD) improved survival in destination therapy (DT) patients during a randomized trial compared with pulsatile-flow LVADs. This study documented changes in cognitive performance in DT patients from that trial to determine if there were differences between continuous-flow and pulsatile-flow support. METHODS: Data were collected in a sub-study from 96 HeartMate II continuous-flow and 30 HeartMate XVE pulsatile-flow LVAD patients from 12 of the 35 trial sites that followed the same serial neurocognitive (NC) testing protocol at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after LVAD implantation. Spatial perception, memory, language, executive functions, and processing speed were the domains assessed with 10 standard cognitive measures. Differences over time and between LVAD type were evaluated with linear mixed-effects modeling. RESULTS: From 1 to 24 months after LVAD implantation, changes in NC functions were stable or showed improvement in all domains, and there were no differences between the continuous-flow and pulsatile-flow groups. Data at 24 months were only available from patients with the continuous-flow LVAD due to the limited durability of the HeartMate XVE device. There was no decline in any NC domain over the time of LVAD support. Missing data not collected from patients who died could have resulted in a bias toward inflated study results. CONCLUSIONS: The NC performance of advanced heart failure patients supported with continuous-flow and pulsatile-flow LVADs shows stabilization or improvement during support for up to 24 months.
Petrucci, RJ; Rogers, JG; Blue, L; Gallagher, C; Russell, SD; Dordunoo, D; Jaski, BE; Chillcott, S; Sun, B; Yanssens, TL; Tatooles, A; Koundakjian, L; Farrar, DJ; Slaughter, MS
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