Relationship between renal function and left ventricular assist device use.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Poor renal function may affect outcomes after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placement. Conversely, LVADs may optimize circulation and improve renal function. METHODS: To assess the relationship between renal function and LVAD use, changes in creatinine clearances (CrCl, in mL/min) were assessed retrospectively in 220 patients who underwent LVAD placement. These patients were also divided into four groups based on CrCl quartiles (< 47, 48-68, 69-95, and > 95) and compared for outcomes post-LVAD placement. RESULTS: Eighty-four patients died on LVAD support. Survival on LVAD was worse for patients with the worst baseline CrCl (42%, 52%, 63%, and 79% for 6 month and 26%, 34%, 47%, and 66% for 12 month survival for quartiles 1-4; both p < 0.01 for trend). Adjusting for other covariates, patients in the lowest CrCl quartile were at a higher risk of dying postimplant (odds ratio 1.95, 95% confidence interval 1.14-3.63). Paired sample analysis showed the following changes in CrCl: preoperative to week 1, 77.0 +/- 46.6 to 92.1 +/- 51.1 (p < 0.01; n = 202), week 1 to 2, 89.4 +/- 49.2 to 95.2 +/- 52.4 (p = 0.01, n = 171), week 2 to 3, 107.5 +/- 58.1 to 113.7 +/- 66.1 (p = 0.16, n = 74), and week 3 to 4, 111.1 +/- 56.6 to 110.5 +/- 56.8 (p = 0.87, n = 60). For the 60 patients with baseline CrCl less than 50, CrCl increased from 36.7 +/- 9.2 to 60.1 +/- 35.5 (p < 0.01; n = 55 pairs) from preimplant to week 1. In 37 of these patients (62%) on intraaortic balloon pump support preimplant, CrCl increased from 38.4 +/- 8.2 to 67.9 +/- 40.3 mL/minute (p < 0.01) during week 1 postimplant. Recovery of renal function to CrCl greater than 50 was associated with a trend towards better 30-day survival (84% vs 66%, p = 0.09). CONCLUSIONS: Baseline poor renal function is associated with worse outcomes after LVAD implantation. However, renal function improves substantially and rapidly in post-LVAD survivors and is associated with improved outcomes. These data underscore the importance of careful patient selection for LVAD therapy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Butler, J; Geisberg, C; Howser, R; Portner, PM; Rogers, JG; Deng, MC; Pierson, RN

Published Date

  • May 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 81 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1745 - 1751

PubMed ID

  • 16631666

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16631666

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-6259

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2005.11.061

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands