Different roles for matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in the pathogenesis of cardiac allograft rejection.
Recent studies have shown an increased expression of several matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) during cardiac, renal and pulmonary allograft rejection. To further define the roles of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the pathogenesis of cardiac allograft rejection, BALB/c cardiac allografts were transplanted into MMP-2-deficient (-/-) and MMP-9-/- mice. Allografts rejected by wild-type mice revealed a significant increase in MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression. MMP-2-deficiency significantly prolonged allograft survival time. Functioning allografts harvested from MMP-2-/- mice showed lower cellular infiltration and fibrosis than rejected allografts harvested from MMP-2+/+ mice at the same time. In contrast, MMP-9-deficiency significantly decreased allograft survival time. Functioning allografts harvested from MMP-9+/+ mice showed lower cellular infiltration and fibrosis than rejected allografts harvested from MMP-9-/- mice at the same time. MMP-2-/- recipients showed decreased T-cell alloreactivity mediated by a defect in dendritic cell stimulatory and T-cell responsive capacities. In contrast, MMP-9-/- recipients showed increased T-cell alloreactivity mediated by a significant increased in dendritic cell stimulatory and T-cell responsive capacities. These results indicate that MMP2 and MMP-9 play significantly different roles in the process of cardiac allograft rejection.
Campbell, LG; Ramachandran, S; Liu, W; Shipley, JM; Itohara, S; Rogers, JG; Moazami, N; Senior, RM; Jaramillo, A
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)