Comparison of monoclonal versus polyclonal calretinin antibodies for immunohistochemical diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma.
Of putative specific markers for diffuse malignant mesothelioma, nuclear staining with Zymed polyclonal calretinin antibody has shown the best specificity to date for epithelial diffuse malignant mesothelioma versus adenocarcinoma. We compared specificity and sensitivity of this polyclonal antibody for diagnosis of diffuse malignant mesothelioma with a new monoclonal antibody from DAKO. One hundred eighteen adenocarcinomas and 111 diffuse malignant mesotheliomas-70 epithelial, 22 sarcomatous, and 19 biphasic-were immunostained with calretinin antibodies from Zymed (polyclonal rabbit, prediluted, PAD:DC8) and DAKO(monoclonal mouse, 1:100, clone DAK Calret 1) using manufacturer-recommended procedures. Cases were blinded and assessed for nuclear versus cytoplasmic staining, percent positive cells, and background. Both antibodies showed similar positive predictive values for diffuse malignant mesothelioma by nuclear staining (Zymed=95%; DAKO=97%). False positives in 4 (3.4%) and 2 (1.7%) adenocarcinomas, respectively, stained greater than 10% of cells. Sensitivity for epithelial malignant mesothelioma was slightly less for DAKO antibody (Zymed=80%; DAKO=73%). Neither antibody performed well on sarcomatous malignant mesothelioma (Zymed=2/22; DAKO=1/22). Both antibodies are useful in the diagnosis of epithelial malignant mesothelioma, although monoclonal antibody is slightly less sensitive.
Granville, LA; Younes, M; Churg, A; Roggli, VL; Henderson, DW; Cagle, PT
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