Exercise stimulates Pgc-1alpha transcription in skeletal muscle through activation of the p38 MAPK pathway.

Published

Journal Article

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma co-activator 1alpha (PGC-1alpha) promotes mitochondrial biogenesis and slow fiber formation in skeletal muscle. We hypothesized that activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in response to increased muscle activity stimulated Pgc-1alpha gene transcription as part of the mechanisms for skeletal muscle adaptation. Here we report that a single bout of voluntary running induced a transient increase of Pgc-1alpha mRNA expression in mouse plantaris muscle, concurrent with an activation of the p38 MAPK pathway. Activation of the p38 MAPK pathway in cultured C2C12 myocytes stimulated Pgc-1alpha promoter activity, which could be blocked by the specific inhibitors of p38, SB203580 and SB202190, or a dominant negative p38. Furthermore, the p38-mediated increase in Pgc-1alpha promoter activity was enhanced by increased expression of the downstream transcription factor ATF2 and completely blocked by ATF2DeltaN, a dominant negative ATF2. Skeletal muscle-specific expression of a constitutively active activator of p38, MKK6E, in transgenic mice resulted in enhanced Pgc-1alpha and cytochrome oxidase IV protein expression in fast-twitch skeletal muscles. These findings suggest that contractile activity-induced activation of the p38 MAPK pathway promotes Pgc-1alpha gene expression and skeletal muscle adaptation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Akimoto, T; Pohnert, SC; Li, P; Zhang, M; Gumbs, C; Rosenberg, PB; Williams, RS; Yan, Z

Published Date

  • May 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 280 / 20

Start / End Page

  • 19587 - 19593

PubMed ID

  • 15767263

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15767263

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.m408862200

Language

  • eng