Parametric scalp mapping and inference via spatially smooth linear models for mismatch negativity studies
Mismatch negativity (MMN) is a neurophysiological tool that can be used to investigate various facets of comprehension. Subjects are presented with different stimuli to elicit the MMN response, which is derived from electroencephalography (EEG) signals recorded at electrodes across the brain. We propose a methodology to extend single electrode analyses of MMN data by generating smooth scalp maps of estimated experimental effects. It is shown that penalized least squares estimates of effect maps can be produced using a two step procedure involving (a) ANOVA at each electrode and (b) spatial smoothing across electrodes. A Fisher von-Mises kernel is used for smoothing scalp maps with cross-validated bandwidth selection. The methodology is applied to a case control study involving aphasics (language disordered individuals). Analysis of residuals shows possible heteroscedasticity and non-Gaussian tail behavior. For robust inference, a semiparametric multivariate approach is proposed to determine the significance of parametric maps. A variety of global and regional test statistics are developed to investigate the significance of spatial patterns in treatment effects. The methodology is seen to confirm previous findings from single electrode analysis and identifies some new significant spatial patterns of difference between controls and aphasics. © 2011.
Roy Choudhury, K; Pettigrew, C
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