Adrenomedullin, endothelin, neuropeptide Y, atrial, brain, and C-natriuretic prohormone peptides compared as early heart failure indicators.
OBJECTIVES: The present investigation was designed to determine the best endogenous plasma marker of early congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS: Forty volunteers with mild CHF (New York Heart Association Class I, n = 12), moderate (Class II, n = 8), or severe (Class III and Class IV, each = n of 5) and 10 age-matched healthy individuals had the simultaneous evaluation of their respective plasma samples by the following radioimmunoassays: atrial natriuretic peptide, ANP; three N-terminal ANP prohormone assays, i.e., proANPs 1-30, 31-67, and 79-98 with the numbers referring to their amino acid (a.a.) sequences in their 126 a.a. prohormone; brain (BNP) and C-natriuretic peptides; N-terminal BNP prohormone; adrenomedullin; neuropeptide Y and endothelin. RESULTS: ProANPs 31-67, 1-30 and 79-98 had 100% (P = 0.01), 83% (P = 0.09) and 50% (P = 0.74) sensitivity in differentiating Class I CHF subjects from healthy subjects. The ANP, BNP, NT-proBNP, CNP, adrenomedullin, neuropeptide Y, and endothelin assays could not differentiate mild CHF subjects from healthy individuals. Logistic regression analysis revealed that only proANP 31-67 significantly (P = 0.0001) discriminated between early CHF (5226 +/- 377 pg/ml) and healthy individuals (1595 +/- 157 pg/ml). The positive and negative predicative values of proANP 31-67 were excellent (100% for each). The peptides measured in these assays were found to be independent markers of CHF with respect to left ventricular ejection fraction. CONCLUSIONS: ProANPs 31-67 is the most sensitive marker in discriminating NYHA Class I CHF subjects from healthy individuals. The ANP, BNP, NT-proBNP, CNP, adrenomedullin, neuropeptide Y and endothelin radioimmunoassays cannot discern mild CHF. These peptides are independent of left ventricular ejection fraction.
Daggubati, S; Parks, JR; Overton, RM; Cintron, G; Schocken, DD; Vesely, DL
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