Patient preferences and utilities for 'off-time' outcomes in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.
The purpose of this study was to derive patient preferences and utilities for outcomes associated with treatment of motor fluctuations, or 'off-time', for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Visual analog scale (VAS) and standard gamble (SG) approaches were used with 60 patients to determine patient preferences and utilities for 10 health state descriptions. Health state descriptions were categorized according to two factors: disease severity, and proportion of the day with 'off-time'. There were two representative levels of disease severity, based on Hoehn and Yahr stages 1.5 and 2.5: unilateral disease with no postural instability, and bilateral disease with some postural instability. These severity levels were combined with five levels of 'off-time' per day ranging from none to > 75% of the day. Patients' mean preference or utility for their own current health ranged from 0.65 +/- 0.20 (VAS) to 0.74 +/- 0.22 (SG). Patients assigned the lowest mean values to the health state description for Hoehn and Yahr stage 2.5 with 'off-time' for > 75% of the day (VAS: 0.17 +/- 0.17; SG: 0.49 +/- 0.27). The highest mean values were assigned to Hoehn and Yahr stage 1.5 with no 'off-time' (VAS: 0.83 +/- 0.17; SG: 0.85 +/- 0.18). The results of this study indicated patients with PD would likely seek treatment that would minimize the amount of 'off-time' experienced per day, and that patients were relatively risk averse.
Palmer, CS; Schmier, JK; Snyder, E; Scott, B
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