IL-2-controlled expression of multiple T cell trafficking genes and Th2 cytokines in the regulatory T cell-deficient scurfy mice: implication to multiorgan inflammation and control of skin and lung inflammation.

Published

Journal Article

Scurfy (Sf) mice bear a mutation in the Foxp3 transcription factor, lack regulatory T cells (Treg), develop multiorgan inflammation, and die prematurely. The major target organs affected are skin, lungs, and liver. “Sf mice lacking the Il2 gene (Sf.Il2–/–), despite being devoid of Treg, did not develop skin and lung inflammation, but the inflammation in liver remained [corrected]. Genome-wide microarray analysis revealed hundreds of genes that were differentially regulated among Sf, Sf.Il2(-/-), and B6 CD4(+) T cells, but the most significant changes were those encoding receptors for trafficking/chemotaxis/retention and cytokines. Our study suggests that IL-2 controls the skin and lung inflammation in Sf mice in an apparent "organ-specific" manner through two novel mechanisms: by regulating the expression of genes encoding a variety of receptors for T cell trafficking/chemotaxis/retention and by regulating Th2 cell expansion and cytokine production. Thus, IL-2 is potentially a master regulator for multiorgan inflammation and an underlying etiological factor for various diseases associated with skin and lung inflammation.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Sharma, R; Sharma, PR; Kim, Y-C; Leitinger, N; Lee, JK; Fu, SM; Ju, S-T

Published Date

  • January 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 186 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 1268 - 1278

PubMed ID

  • 21169543

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21169543

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1550-6606

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1767

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.4049/jimmunol.1002677

Language

  • eng