Malate Metabolism in the Dark After CO(2) Fixation in the Crassulacean Plant Kalanchoë tubiflora.
The metabolism of [(13)C]malate was studied in the Crassulacean plant Kalanchoë tubiflora following exposure to (13)CO(2) for 2 hour intervals during a 16 hour dark cycle. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of [(13)C]malate extracted from labeled tissue revealed that the transient flux of malate to the mitochondria, estimated by the randomization of [4-(13)C]malate to [1- (13)C]malate by fumarase, varied substantially during the dark period. At both 15 and 25 degrees C, the extent of malate label randomization in the mitochondria was greatest during the early and late parts of the dark period and was least during the middle of the night, when the rate of (13)CO(2) uptake was highest. Randomization of labeled malate continued for many hours after malate synthesis had initially occurred. Internally respired (12)CO(2) also served as a source of carbon for malate formation. At 15 degrees C, 15% of the total malate was formed from respired (12)CO(2), while at 25 degrees C, 49% of the accumulated malate was derived from respired (12)CO(2). Some of the malate synthesized from external (13)CO(2) was also respired during the night. The proportion of the total [(13)C]malate respired during the dark period was similar at 15 and 25 degrees C, and respiration of newly formed [(13)C]malate increased as the night period progressed. These data are discussed with regard to the relative fluxes of malate to the mitochondria and the vacuole during dark CO(2) fixation.
Kalt, W; Osmond, CB; Siedow, JN
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