Do some plant responses to cytokinins involve the cyanide-resistant respiratory pathway?
A disengagement of the cyanide-resistant, alternative respiratory pathway in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) callus tissue was observed prior to the start of deoxyisoflavone production stimulated by addition of the cytokinin benzyladenine. To test whether this loss of alternativepathway activity was part of the response to cytokinin, inhibitors of the alternative pathway were assayed for their ability to elicit cytokinin-like responses. Salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM) was found to produce a deoxyisoflavone difference spectrum similar to that observed following treatment of the callus tissue with benzyladenine, while propyl gallate (PG) was without effect. Both SHAM and PG were further tested for cytokinin-like activity in other bioassays. In two anti-senescence bioassays using leaf tissue (of Avena sativa L. and Xanthium pensylvanicum Wallr.) and in the Cucumis sativus L. bioassay which measures stimulation of weight gain by excised cotyledons, both SHAM and PG were effective "cytokinins" at 1 mM and 0.1 mM, respectively. In two other bioassays (betacyanin formation in Amaranthus caudatus L. seedlings and the soybean-callus celldivision assay), SHAM appeared to be toxic. These results substantiate the suggestion that effects on the alternative pathway may play a role in some cytokinin responses and further raise the question of what should be considered a true cytokinin response.
Musgrave, ME; Miller, CO; Siedow, JN
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