Engaged Lifestyle, Personality, and Mental Status Among Centenarians.

Published

Journal Article

This study assessed engaged lifestyle activities (e.g., volunteering, traveling, and public speaking) for centenarians of the Georgia Centenarian Study. A total of 285 centenarians and near-centenarians (i.e., 98 years and older) and their proxy informants participated in this study. The Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) was assessed for all centenarians, and proxy informants reported on lifestyle activities and personality traits of the centenarians. Results suggested that participants who had volunteered, traveled, and those who had given public talks and balanced their checkbooks were more likely to show relatively high mental status scores (i.e., MMSE > 17). Personality traits were found to be moderators in the relationship between engaged lifestyle and mental status: Participants with high levels of Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Openness, and Conscientiousness and with high levels of engaged lifestyle were more likely to show relatively high mental status scores (i.e., MMSE > 17), whereas participants with low levels of Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness and with low levels of engaged lifestyle were more likely to show relatively low mental status scores (i.e., MMSE < 18). The results suggest that engaged lifestyle, particularly in combination with personality traits, plays an important role in the level of cognitive functioning among oldest old adults.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Martin, P; Baenziger, J; Macdonald, M; Siegler, IC; Poon, LW

Published Date

  • December 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 199 - 208

PubMed ID

  • 21132076

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21132076

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1068-0667

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10804-009-9066-y

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States