Psychosocial variables associated with coping of HIV-positive women diagnosed during pregnancy.


Journal Article

To identify psychosocial variables related to the use of coping strategies by HIV-positive South African women diagnosed during pregnancy, structured interviews were conducted with 224 HIV-positive women at antenatal clinics over a period of 2 years. Two coping styles, active and avoidant coping, were assessed using an adapted version of the Brief COPE. Psychosocial variables associated with changes in coping over time were identified with mixed linear analysis. Increases in active coping were associated with decreasing levels of internalized stigma and depression, increasing self-esteem and positive social support, knowing someone who is living with HIV, being physically healthy and living above the poverty line. Increases in avoidant coping were associated with increasing internalized stigma and depression, lower levels of self-esteem, HIV-knowledge and lower levels of education. Recommendations are made for psychological support services to strengthen women's ability to cope and enhance their health and that of their infants.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kotzé, M; Visser, M; Makin, J; Sikkema, K; Forsyth, B

Published Date

  • February 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 498 - 507

PubMed ID

  • 23196861

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23196861

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-3254

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1090-7165

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10461-012-0379-7


  • eng